5. Thurgood Marshall, Civil Rights Lawyer
Thurgood Marshall was born on July 2, 1908 in Baltimore, where he attended Frederick Douglass High School (previously Baltimore’s Colored High and Training School) as a star student and debate team member. He set out to Pennsylvania to attend the historically black Lincoln University and graduated with honors in 1930. Though overqualified for his next school of choice, his race got him rejected from University of Maryland Law School, so he went to Howard University. He went on to serve as counsel for the NAACP, win the Brown v. Board of Education case in which the Supreme Court ended racial segregation (something that hit close to home for him), and was appointed to the Supreme Court in 1967 where he served for 24 years.